Novel pattern formation in micro- and macro-scale photonic systems
Nature is nonlinear, which allows for complex and beautiful dynamics and patterns from turbulence and chaos to fractals and self-similarity. Nonlinear optical systems are relatively simple and therefore provide an ideal testbed to explore universal concepts in nonlinear pattern formation. One archetypal nonlinear pattern is the solitary-wave (or soliton), which is a wave-packet that propagates without change. In addition to its intrinsic interest, the soliton plays a major technological role in the generation of ultrashort (femtosecond) pulses from laser sources, demonstrating the impact possible from new discoveries in this field. Research in the group will involve theoretical and experimental exploration of nonlinear optical processes in bulk, fiber, and nanophotonic systems. Stable patterns will be identified and applied towards applications like short-pulse generation at underdeveloped wavelengths.
Spatio-temporal and multi-mode nonlinear optics
As the field of nonlinear optics continues to mature and expand, researchers have begun to study regimes of increasing complexity. For example, as one moves from spatial or temporal specific systems, to those where spatial and temporal degrees of freedom interact, new and interesting nonlinear dynamics arise. Technologically speaking, higher dimensional systems are of great interest for telecommunications for opening new channels of information, and for high power laser systems because of the possibility of distributing high powers over more spatial dimensions. Research in the group will involve theoretical and experimental exploration of new platforms for higher dimensional nonlinear optics and their associated technological applications.
Stimulated Brillouin scattering
Brillouin scattering is a nonlinear optical effect involving the interaction of light with sound. Studied since the early days of nonlinear optics, stimulated Brillouin scattering is one of the strongest nonlinear optical effects and has enabled technological advances for sensing, microwave processing, slow and fast light, high coherence source generation, and optical phase conjugation. Recent years have seen a surge of interest in a type of Brillouin scattering that occurs in systems where both light and sound are supported by a waveguide. This type of Brillouin scattering is highly tunable and is advantageous for microwave processing, tunable source generation, and ultrafast processing. Remarkably, new types are optomechanical interactions are still being discovered and explored as the field continues to grow. Our group will push further along this nonlinear optical frontier and apply these interactions toward novel technologies.
At room temperature, the high frequency acoustic waves generated by Brillouin scattering rapidly decay into the environment. At cryogenic temperatures, these same phonons can last several orders of magnitude longer, which substantially enhances the interaction and enables a new world of photon-phonon dynamics. Much like the radiation pressure mediated interaction in cavity optomechanical systems, this electrostriction mediated traveling-wave optomechanical interaction enables a new platform for quantum information processing, ultrasensitive metrology, and fundamental tests of quantum decoherence. This Brillouin-like coupling provides optical access to ultra-long lived phonons in any transparent material, which is highly desirable for new technologies as well as for basic material science. The group will explore new directions in traveling-wave optomechanics both theoretically and experimentally.